On the Adjective

Λεξιλόγιο *leksilOgh'io* Vocabulary
ο αδύνατος *adhInatos* thin
ο άσχημος *Askh'imos* ugly
ο γέρος *gh'Eros* old (person)
ο ζηλιάρης *zil'Aris* jealous
ο καινούριος *k'enUrgh'os* new, recent
ο καλός *kalOs* good
ο κακός *kakOs* bad
ο κοντός *kondOs* short
ο μεγάλος *meghAlos* big
ο μικρός *mikrOs* small
ο νέος *nEos* new, young
ο όμορφος *Omorphos* pretty, beautiful
ο παλιός *pal'Os* old (thing)
ο πλούσιος *plUsios* rich
ο σταχτής *stakhtIs* grey (lit. ash colored)
ο στενός *stenOs* narrow
ο φαρδύς *phardhIs* wide
ο φτωχός *phtokhOs* poor
ο χοντρός *khondrOs* fat
ο ψηλός *psilOs* tall
ο ωραίος *orEos* handsome, beautiful
Other words
τα αδέρφια *adhErphkh'a* siblings
αλλά *alA* but
η γειτονιά *gh'iton'A* neighbourhood
το έργο *Ergho* film (here)
έχει *Ekh'i* (he/she/it) has
το ζευγάρι *zebhghAri* couple
θα δούνε *tha dhUne* (they) will see/watch
ο κινηματογράφος *kinimatoghrAphos* cinema
η κοπέλα *kopEla* young woman
μένουν *mEnun* (they) live/stay
η μητέρα *mitEra* mother
η οικογένεια *ikogh'Enia* family
ο πατέρας *patEras* father
που *pu* that, which

Nikos and Anna

Στο μεγάλο σπίτι μένουν ο Νίκος και η Άννα, ένα νέο ζευγάρι.
In the big house live Nikos and Anna, a young couple.

Ο Νίκος είναι ένα ωραίο αγόρι από πλούσια οικογένεια.
Nikos is a handsome boy from a rich family.

Η Άννα είναι μια όμορφη κοπέλα, αλλά είναι φτωχή.
Anna is a beautiful young girl, but she is poor.

Ο πατέρας της Άννας είναι ψηλός και αδύνατος,
Anna's father is tall and thin,

αλλά η μητέρα της ειναι κοντή και χοντρή.
but her mother is short and fat.

Το σπίτι τους είναι καινούριο, αλλά η γειτονιά τους είναι παλιά.
Their house is new, but their neighbourhood is old.

Ο Νίκος έχει δύο μικρά αδέρφια, που είναι κοντά.
Nikos has two little siblings, which are short.

Απόψε θα δούνε στον κινηματογράφο το έργο "Ο καλός, ο κακός και ο άσχημος".
Tonight they will watch the film "The good, the bad and the ugly" at the cinema.

Grammar Notes

  1. There isn't really much new information in this lesson; just a few notes and rules on the use of the adjective. Adjective is a word that describes a quality of the noun it accompanies. An adjective is always followed or preceded by the noun it refers to. Usually, the adjective precedes the noun, e.g. ένα μεγάλο σπίτι, like English (a big house). Sometimes it comes after the noun, e.g. ένα σπίτι μεγάλο. The difference between the two is that in the latter you emphasize the adjective (μεγάλο), whereas in the former the attention is concentrated on the noun (σπίτι). Another case, where the adjective may come after the noun is when the verb είμαι (I am) is used. For example,
  2. The adjective has to agree with the noun it characterises in gender, number and case. Thus, one says Note that the case, number and gender of the noun is easy to determine by looking at the ending or (easier) the article.
  3. For details on the declension of adjectives, you can refer to the adjective page.
  4. Even when the adjective and the noun it specifies are separated by the verb "είμαι" they still have to agree :
  5. An adjective may sometimes function as a noun, especially when the noun is omitted or implied, e.g., the same way it occurs in English. In this case, it is treated as if it were a noun.


Main Page