Meeting People

Greek Text Phonetic Pronunciation English Translation
A : Καλημέρα! *kalimEra!* Goodmorning!
Είμαι ο Άγγελος. *Ime o Ang'elos.* I am Angelos.
B : Γεια σου, Άγγελε! *gh'A su, Ang'ele!* Hello Angelos!
Με λένε Βασίλη. *me lEne bhasIli.* My name is Vassilis.
A : Τι κάνεις, Βασίλη; *ti kAnis, bhasIli?* How are you, Vassilis?
B : Πολύ καλά, ευχαριστώ. *polI kalA, efkharistO.* Very well, thanks.
Εσύ; *esI?* (And) you?
A : Κι εγώ καλά. *k' eghO kalA.* I (am) well, too.
B : Χάρηκα! *khArika!* I was glad (to meet you).
Γεια χαρά! *gh'A kharA!* Goodbye!
A : Κι εγώ χάρηκα. *k' eghO khArika.* I was glad (to meet you), too.
Αντίο! *adIo!* Bye!

Grammar Notes

  1. The verb είμαι (I am), like most verbs in the Greek language, is (unlike other languages) used with no personal pronoun preceding it. The subject (I,you,he,etc.) is denoted by the (so-called) person (πρόσωπο) in which the verb appears. Thus

    I am είμαι *Ime*
    you are είσαι *Ise*
    he/she/it is είναι *Ine*
    we are είμαστε *Imaste*
    you are είστε *Iste*
    they are είναι *Ine*
    There is a complete table of all the conjugation forms of the verb "to be" in the auxiliary verbs section.

    The personal pronouns εγώ (I), εσύ (you, sing.), εμείς (we), εσείς (you, plur.), are used only when we want to emphasize the subject. For example,

  2. Note that the definite article (ο, η, το) is required before proper names. In general,
  3. The nouns and (as well as other parts of speech) appear in more than one forms, knows as cases (πτώσεις). The case that has to be used is determined by the context and especially the way the noun is involved in the action described by the verb. There are four cases in Modern Greek,
    Nominative Ονομαστική *onomastik'I*
    Genitive Γενική *gh'enik'I*
    Accusative Αιτιατική *etiatik'I*
    Vocative Κλητική *klitik'I*
    The noun should be in the nominative case if it performs the action (is the subject) or is in the state described by the verb είμαι. Thus, Accusative is used whenever the noun is the object, namely the recipient of the action described by the verb. Thus, Whenever you address or call someone, you use the vocative case. Compare The genitive case does not appear anywhere in our text, so we will examine it later. In short, it is used to denote the owner or, in some instances, to replace a preposition+accusative form. For example, You can find more on how to conjugate nouns in the noun section.


So much for grammar. A few words on the rest of the text.
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